2024

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ECG Blog #419 — The Cause of ECG #1?

Ken Grauer, MD

I was sent the 2 ECGs shown in Figure-1 — which were recorded from an elderly man whose heart beat "has been irregular for years". No clear history for recent chest pain — but the patient "has not been well" for the previous week. Regarding the 2 ECGs in Figure-1 : ECG #1 is the initial tracing obtained at the scene by the EMS ( E mergency M edical S ystems ) team — in association with an alert but markedly hypotensive patient.

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Only One Harm From mRNA COVID Vaccines, Report Determines

Med Page Today

(MedPage Today) -- Independent reviewers confirmed a causal relationship between the first mRNA COVID-19 vaccines and myocarditis, and also determined that, more broadly, intramuscular shots can cause a series of shoulder injuries. At the same.

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8-hour time-restricted eating linked to a 91% higher risk of cardiovascular death

American Heart News - Heart News

Research Highlights: A study of over 20,000 adults found that those who followed an 8-hour time-restricted eating schedule, a type of intermittent fasting, had a 91% higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease. People with heart disease or cancer.

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Contemporary approach to cardiogenic shock care: a state-of-the-art review

Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine

Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a time-sensitive and hemodynamically complex syndrome with a broad spectrum of etiologies and clinical presentations. Despite contemporary therapies, CS continues to maintain high morbidity and mortality ranging from 35 to 50%. More recently, burgeoning observational research in this field aimed at enhancing the early recognition and characterization of the shock state through standardized team-based protocols, comprehensive hemodynamic profiling, and tailored and selec

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8-hour time-restricted eating linked to a 91% higher risk of cardiovascular death

Science Daily - Heart Disease

A study of over 20,000 adults found that those who followed an 8-hour time-restricted eating schedule, a type of intermittent fasting, had a 91% higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease.

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Google Street View reveals how built environment correlates with risk of cardiovascular disease

Medical Xpress - Cardiology

Researchers have used Google Street View to study hundreds of elements of the built environment, including buildings, green spaces, pavements and roads, and how these elements relate to each other and influence coronary artery disease in people living in these neighborhoods.

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Ep 193 The Crashing Asthmatic – Recognition and Management of Life Threatening Asthma

ECG Cases

In this part 2 of our 2-part podcast on asthma with Dr. Sameer Mal and Dr. Leeor Sommer, we dig into the recognition and management of life-threatening asthma. We answer such questions as: what are the key elements in recognition of threatening asthma? What are the most time-sensitive interventions required to break the vicious cycle of asthma? What are the best options for dosing and administering magnesium sulphate, epinephrine, fentanyl and ketamine in the management of the crashing asthmatic

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Boehringer Ingelheim Announces $35 Monthly Price Cap on Inhalers for Asthma, COPD Patients

HCPLive

On March 07, 2024, Boehringer Ingelheim announced it would be instituting a $35 per month out-of-pocket cost cap for its portfolio of inhaler products, with this cap going into effect on June 01, 2024.

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Multiomic screening of invasive GBM cells reveals targetable transsulfuration pathway alterations

Journal of Clinical Investigation - Cardiology

While the poor prognosis of glioblastoma arises from the invasion of a subset of tumor cells, little is known of the metabolic alterations within these cells that fuel invasion. We integrated spatially addressable hydrogel biomaterial platforms, patient site–directed biopsies, and multiomics analyses to define metabolic drivers of invasive glioblastoma cells.

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Risk of dementia was nearly three times higher the first year after a stroke

American Heart News - Stroke News

Research Highlights: In a large population study conducted in Canada, the risk of dementia was nearly 3 times higher in the first year after a stroke, then fell to a 1.5-times increased risk by the 5-year mark and remained elevated 20 years later.

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Transcutaneous Pacing: Part I

EMS 12-Lead

TCP In Transit: A case reviewing transcutaneous pacing, false electrical capture, and re-arrest. Josh Kimbrell, NRP @joshkimbre Judah Kreinbrook, EMT-P @JMedic2JDoc This is the first installment of a blog series showing how transcutaneous pacing (TCP) can be difficult, and how you can improve your skills. We will be using redacted information from different cases where paramedics attempted TCP in the field.

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CDC: COVID Vax Not Linked to Sudden Deaths in Young Adults

Med Page Today

(MedPage Today) -- The hunt for a signal of excess sudden cardiac deaths among young people after COVID-19 vaccination left Oregon health officials empty-handed, they reported. Investigators searched death certificates for Oregon residents 16.

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Cannabis use linked to increase in heart attack and stroke risk

American Heart News - Heart News

Research Highlights: An analysis of survey data for 430,000 adults in the U.S. found that using cannabis has a significant association with an increased risk of heart attack and stroke, independent of tobacco use, with higher odds among the adults.

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Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection: A Focus on Post-Dissection Care for the Vascular Medicine Clinician

Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an uncommon condition which is increasingly recognized as a cause of significant morbidity. SCAD can cause acute coronary syndrome and myocardial infarction (MI), as well as sudden cardiac death. It presents similarly to atherosclerotic MI although typically in patients with few or no atherosclerotic risk factors, and particularly in women.

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Alcohol raises heart disease risk, particularly among women

Science Daily - Heart Disease

Young to middle-aged women who reported drinking eight or more alcoholic beverages per week--more than one per day, on average--were significantly more likely to develop coronary heart disease compared with those who drank less, finds a study presented at the American College of Cardiology's Annual Scientific Session. The risk was highest among both men and women who reported heavy episodic drinking, or 'binge' drinking, and the link between alcohol and heart disease appears to be especially str

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Physical activity lowers cardiovascular disease risk by reducing stress-related brain activity, study finds

Medical Xpress - Cardiology

New research indicates that physical activity lowers cardiovascular disease risk in part by reducing stress-related signaling in the brain.

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Evidence that tirzepatide protects against diabetes-related cardiac damages

Cardiovascular Diabetology

Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) are effective antidiabetic drugs with potential cardiovascular benefits. Despite their well-established role in reducing the risk of major adverse cardiovas.

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Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction in post-COVID-19 syndrome: a major health-care burden

Nature Reviews - Cardiology

Nature Reviews Cardiology, Published online: 02 January 2024; doi:10.1038/s41569-023-00962-3 Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction (CVAD) is a malfunction of the autonomic control of circulatory homeostasis and is an important component of post-COVID-19 syndrome. In this Review, Fedorowski and colleagues define the major forms of CVAD (including postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome), and discuss the aetiology, diagnosis and management of post-COVID-19 syndrome-associated CVAD.

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Patients with Fibromyalgia Scored Worse in Memory, Attention, Cognitive Function

HCPLive

Without controlling for the severity of symptoms, patients with either fibromyalgia or RA performed worse when compared with controls in terms of cognitive domains including verbal memory, visual memory, and strategic planning.

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CTRP4/interleukin-6 receptor signaling ameliorates autoimmune encephalomyelitis by suppressing Th17 cell differentiation

Journal of Clinical Investigation - Cardiology

C1q/TNF-related protein 4 (CTRP4) is generally thought to be released extracellularly and plays a critical role in energy metabolism and protecting against sepsis. However, its physiological functions in autoimmune diseases have not been thoroughly explored. In this study, we demonstrate that Th17 cell–associated experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis was greatly exacerbated in Ctrp4–/– mice compared with WT mice due to increased Th17 cell infiltration.

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How will you save this critically ill patient? A fundamental and lifesaving ECG interpretation that everyone must recognize instantly.

Dr. Smith's ECG Blog

Written by Pendell Meyers A woman in her 30s called EMS for acute symptoms including near-syncope, nausea, diaphoresis, and abdominal pain. EMS arrived and found her to appear altered, critically ill, and hypotensive. An ECG was performed: What do you think? Extremely wide complex monomorphic rhythm just over 100 bpm. The QRS is so wide and sinusoidal that the only real possibilities left are hyperkalemia or Na channel blockade.

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Why Nighttime Light Exposure is So Harmful for Cardiovascular Health

Physiologically Speaking

Our body’s physiological processes oscillate on a 24-hour cycle known as the circadian rhythm. Circadian rhythms in blood pressure and heart rate, among other functions, are crucial for cardiovascular health and preventing cardiovascular disease. Recent evidence indicates that nighttime light exposure impacts melatonin release, the autonomic nervous system, and cortisol — with potentially harmful effects on cardiovascular health.

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5 Dead and Over 100 Hospitalized From Recalled Japanese Health Supplements

Med Page Today

(MedPage Today) -- TOKYO (AP) -- Five people who took a Japanese health supplement have died and more than 100 have been hospitalized as of Friday, a week after a pharmaceutical company issued a recall of the products, officials said. Osaka.

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Here’s your wake-up call: Daylight saving time may impact your heart health

American Heart News - Heart News

DALLAS, March 1, 2024 – Losing an extra hour of sleep may not be the worst thing that could happen when you “spring forward” at the start of daylight saving time. According to the American Heart Association, celebrating one hundred years of lifesaving.

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ECG Cases 49 – ECG and POCUS for Dyspnea and Chest Pain

ECG Cases

In this ECG Cases blog, Jesse McLaren and Rajiv Thavanathan explore how ECG and POCUS complement each other for patients presenting to the emergency department with shortness of breath or chest pain. They explain complementary diagnostic insights into pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade, occlusion MI and RV strain. The post ECG Cases 49 – ECG and POCUS for Dyspnea and Chest Pain appeared first on Emergency Medicine Cases.

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Eggs may not be bad for your heart after all

Science Daily - Heart Disease

Whether you like your eggs sunny-side up, hard boiled or scrambled, many hesitate to eat them amid concerns that eggs may raise cholesterol levels and be bad for heart health. However, results from a prospective, controlled trial show that over a four-month period cholesterol levels were similar among people who ate fortified eggs most days of the week compared with those who didn't eat eggs.

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Cardiac amyloidosis: New AI system developed for early diagnosis

Medical Xpress - Cardiology

Cardiac amyloidosis is a serious disease in which abnormal proteins (amyloids) accumulate in the heart muscle and impair heart function. As the disease leads to serious complications such as heart insufficiency and, in many cases, death if left untreated, early diagnosis is essential in order to start treatment in good time.

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Double diabetes—when type 1 diabetes meets type 2 diabetes: definition, pathogenesis and recognition

Cardiovascular Diabetology

Currently, the differentiation between type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is not straightforward, and the features of both types of diabetes coexist in one subject. This situation triggered the ne.

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Atherosclerotic plaque stabilization and regression: a review of clinical evidence

Nature Reviews - Cardiology

Nature Reviews Cardiology, Published online: 04 January 2024; doi:10.1038/s41569-023-00979-8 In this Review, Sarraju and Nissen summarize the clinical trial evidence for coronary atherosclerotic plaque stabilization and regression with plasma LDL-cholesterol-lowering therapy and other treatments. Invasive and non-invasive imaging modalities used to assess plaque burden and composition are discussed.

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Around 25% of Mild Asthma Patients Not Given Guideline-Directed Therapy, Despite Updates

HCPLive

This analysis highlights trends following the significant update made to the Global Initiative for Asthma and the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute asthma guidelines.

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A humanized IL-2 mutein expands Tregs and prolongs transplant survival in preclinical models

Journal of Clinical Investigation - Cardiology

Long-term organ transplant survival remains suboptimal, and life-long immunosuppression predisposes transplant recipients to an increased risk of infection, malignancy, and kidney toxicity. Promoting the regulatory arm of the immune system by expanding Tregs may allow immunosuppression minimization and improve long-term graft outcomes. While low-dose IL-2 treatment can expand Tregs, it has a short half-life and off-target expansion of NK and effector T cells, limiting its clinical applicability.

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Ventricular Fibrillation, ICD, LBBB, QRS of 210 ms, Positive Smith Modified Sgarbossa Criteria, and Pacemaker-Mediated Tachycardia

Dr. Smith's ECG Blog

An elderly man collapsed. There was no bystander CPR. Medics found him in ventricular fibrillation. He was defibrillated, but they also noticed that he was being internally defibrillated and then found that he had an implantable ICD. He was unidentified and there were no records available After 7 shocks, he was successfully defibrillated and brought to the ED.

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Case report of belt electrode-skeletal muscle electrical stimulation for acute heart failure with severe obesity: a novel therapeutic option for acute phase rehabilitation

Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine

Background Belt electrode skeletal muscle electrical stimulation (B-SES) is an emerging therapy anticipated to yield more favorable outcomes than conventional neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES), owing to its larger stimulation area. However, information on its efficacy and safety in patients with heart failure remains limited. Case presentation A 43-year-old man with a body mass index of 41 kg/m 2 was admitted to our hospital for acute heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy.

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Sotatercept's FDA Approval a New Chapter for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Med Page Today

(MedPage Today) -- The FDA approved sotatercept (Winrevair) for treating pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in adults, Merck announced on Tuesday. A novel activin signaling inhibitor, sotatercept is indicated to increase exercise capacity.

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3 ways to drive awareness of women’s greatest health threat for American Heart Month

American Heart News - Heart News

DALLAS, Feb. 1, 2024 – From news desks to iconic buildings, scores of people and landmarks across the U.S. will once again “go red” on National Wear Red Day, Feb. 2, to raise awareness that cardiovascular disease is the No. 1 killer of women and support.

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7 Things You Can Do To Reduce Your Risk Even If You Already Have Heart Disease.

Dr. Paddy Barrett

This newsletter focuses on prevention. A common feedback I get is that people with existing coronary artery disease feel like it doesn’t apply to them. They feel like they have ‘ missed the boat ’ They have not. And I will explain why. Arguably, applying the principles of prevention offers more bang for buck in the short term for people WITH coronary artery disease than those without coronary artery disease.

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Small amounts of licorice raise blood pressure, study finds

Science Daily - Heart Disease

It is known that large amounts of licorice cause high blood pressure. A new study now shows that even small amounts of licorice raise blood pressure. The individuals who react most strongly also show signs of strain on the heart.